Religio-cultural Practices and Human Capital Management in Ethiopia: a Critical Review
Janetius, S.T. Mini, T.C. & Robel Araya (2018). Religio-cultural Practices and Human Capital Formation in Ethiopia: a Critical Review, Scholars Journal of Arts, Humanities and Sciences, Vol.-6, Iss.-2
ISSN2347-5374(Online) ISSN: 2347-9493(Print).
Abstract: Human capital formation is critical for the economic and the political development of a country. It is primarily concerned with enabling people to actively involve as a creative and productive resource and increasing the number of persons with skills, education and experience. This requires effective utilization of human potentials, time and energy. Human capital formation therefore, is a people centered strategy that enhances the skills, knowledge, productivity and creativeness of people. This necessitates physical and mental fitness, proper diet and the stamina to work long hours productively. In this regard, Ethiopian Orthodox Christianity, which is the predominant religion in Ethiopia, becomes a hindrance to human capital formation. The Ethiopian Orthodox Christianity is very traditional in its practices and it requires that the people strictly follow austere pious practices round the year. These religio-cultural practices, mainly rigorous fasting and penance affect the people physically, psychologically, socially and economically. The religious practices also limit the regular needs of the people which in turn hinder the human capacity to work. This conceptual paper elaborates how the various religious practices of the orthodox Christian community affects the total economy of the country.
Keywords: Human capital formation, Ethiopian Christianity, Fasting and penance in Ethiopia, Ethiopian religio-cultural practices, Human resource management in Ethiopia.