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outcome-based education

OUTCOME - BASED EDUCATION FOR SOCIAL SCIENCES

S.T. Janetius (2017)

Abstract: Discussions are underway among educationalists on Outcome-Based Education (OBE) as the country changed its status from a provisional member of the Washington Accord to a permanent signatory in 2014 and decided to follow Outcome-Based Education and Accreditation (OBEA) in all Engineering Institutions. It is becoming mandatory for all Engineering Institutions in India to put into practice OBE in all respects. Consequently, concerns are raised at various segments, mainly in understanding the concept, exploring various elements and the possibilities of implementing it. Since AICTE has taken initiatives to put into practice this approach, there is a stereotypic notion among many educationalists that OBE is applicable only to Engineering Education. Scholars from Arts and Science disciplines do not bother about the need for OBE and/or sometimes tend to think that it is an extra burden to introduce such new initiatives into collegiate education. Some educationalists understand OBE in a very shallow way, purely in terms of the end-product and ignore the various other factors and the process that collectively constitute OBE. Taking into consideration the various problems facing the Indian Higher Education and, evaluating the practical difficulties in applying OBE, this paper outlines an OBE model for social sciences.

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